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What is Django?

Django is a full-stack framework used to create web applications using the Python programming language. Django is also a high level python web framework that can develop applications quickly and has a clean pragmatic design.

Django includes both the front-end and the back-end(full-stack). The front-end is the front side that is later visible to the user, while the back-end is the back side that deals with the database and business logic.

Django can make application development easier, faster and requires less code. Django itself is taken from a Belgian and French national guitarist named, Django Reinhardt.

The Django framework focuses on reusable components, less code, low coupling, faster web application development, and has a ‘Don’t Repeat Yourself’ (DRY) principle.

Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY) is a software development principle that aims to reduce software and replace it using abstraction or data normalization to avoid redundancy.

Django is a bit different from other frameworks which are usually based on MVC (Model View Controller). The model used in django is MTV where the description is as follows:

  1. Model, is the part that has the function to interact with the database.
  2. Template, is a part that has a function to set the display in the form of XML or HTML.
  3. View, is the part that contains the logic and is usually used to process data from the model and then send it to the template.

Strengths of Django Framework

  1. Because django is a Python-based framework, django has several advantages offered by Python, including:
    • Portability: Can port code to multiple platforms.
    • Multi-paradigm: Supports object-oriented programming.
    • More interactive: You can focus more on task completion not on syntax.
  2. Has features to simplify the development processDjango has a “batteries included” approach which means it has everything needed to develop a complete system and complete common tasks such as user authentication, URL routing, database schema migration, and more. Within the django framework there are also tools packages needed for data analysis, AI technology, and machine learning.
  3. Safe to useThe Django framework provides built-in security features that can help developers protect applications from attacks such as cross-site scripting and SQL injection. Django updates regularly by releasing new security patches to keep the application system secure.
  4. Have the principle of KISS and DRYDjango has the KISS (Keep It Short and Simple) principle, which means that the code used in django must be short, easy to understand, and the method should not exceed 40-50 lines. In addition, django also has a DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) principle, which means that software patterns that often appear can be replaced with abstractions. With these two principles, the developer can simplify the development process so as to help speed up the overall production time.

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